Taken from his “Message to Grassroots Speech,” 1963.
Founded in 1574 by the students of great Korean neo-Confucian scholar Yi Hwang (1501—1570) to honor their departed teacher, Andong’s Dosan Seowon was for four centuries one of Korea’s most renowned private Confucian academies. Surrounded by thick forests, the academy is a masterpiece of Korean Confucian architecture, harmonizing with the surroundings with great rustic charm.
Korea’s seowon served as both memorial shrines and centers of neo-Confucian learning during the years of the Joseon Dynasty (1392—1910). Nine surviving seowon, including Dosan Seowon, are on UNESCO’s list of tentative World Heritage Sites; they should receive final registration in January.